Perennial vegetables and fruit are those that keep growing season after season. There are several perennial vegetables and fruit that you can plant once and then enjoy year-round. These include peas, beans, beets, carrots, squash, apple trees, etc.
Make sure to research the specific vegetable or fruit before planting so you know the required maintenance (e.g., bean vines need water daily). But overall, planting once is usually the easiest way to go. Less work in the long run. They’re great as edible ornamental plants as well as organic seed producers. Compared to perennial grasses, they don’t require much care and attention as they’re self-reliant.
With wide varieties available, you will likely find one that suits your gardening style and growing zone. Here’s a list of perennial vegetables & fruit you can plant once and harvest forever, along with their pros and cons.
What Is A Perennial?
A perennial is a plant that lives for more than one year. Most perennial plants are hardy and we can plant them outside in most climates. Some perennial plants require little or no care as grown so they can be a good choice for beginners or anyone looking for an easy-to-maintain garden.
Perennials typically have larger leaves and flowers than annual plants, making them attractive for sunny gardens. They also have a stronger flavor than annual plants, making them nutrient-dense and flavorful. Check out our list below for more information on popular perennial vegetables and fruits.
- Lettuce (e.g., romaine)
- Onions (e.g., leeks)
Perennial plants are plants that live for more than two years. This makes them a good choice for gardeners who want to produce a consistent yield throughout the season. Perennial vegetables are often easier to grow than annual vegetables, as they don’t require intensive care and can stand up to warmer temperatures and soil types better than seedlings.
Some common perennial vegetables include beets, carrots, potatoes, peas, and tomatoes. Perennial vegetables are a great option for gardeners who want to produce a staple crop year-round without spending money on planting seeds or growing from seedlings each season.
Perennials are plants that grow yearly, typically reaching a height of 1-2 feet. Perennials typically have larger leaves and produce fruit or flowers over multiple seasons. Common perennial fruits and vegetables include strawberries, raspberries, grapes, and apples.
You can plant perennial plants in various locations, including the front yard, back garden, or vegetable garden. They are usually drought-tolerant and require less maintenance than annuals or biennials. Perennials are a good choice for those seeking plant diversity in their garden.
List Of Perennial Vegetables & Fruit You Can Plant Once And Harvest Forever
Perennial vegetable varieties grow for years and years, as opposed to annual vegetable varieties, which produce a crop only once and then die after harvesting. Biennial vegetable varieties produce two crops, one in spring and one in fall. The first year of planting is familiar as a seedling year.
The second year of planting is the growing season year. These vegetable varieties form perennial roots that can live for several years and continue harvesting as we need. You can grow perennial vegetable varieties such as cabbage, kale, broccoli, leeks, chard, spinach, lettuce, onion, radish, and rhubarb.
Fruit trees are perennial plants that bear fruit for many seasons. Shrub varieties are long-living plants that will provide beautiful foliage and landscaping features as they mature. Shrubs such as lilac bushes and eucalyptus trees are good candidates for planting as perennial garden plants. Scroll down for details.
1. Bunching Or Egyptian Onions
Bunching onions, also familiar as Egyptian onions, are a type of onion that we can plant from seed or direct-sow. They are a cool-season vegetable well for areas with mild climates. These onions produce a large bulb that we can harvest once the bulb has reached its full size.
Bunching onion crop typically produces a single crop per year, with some varieties producing multiple crops per year. These onions are an excellent choice for harvesting over a long period due to their resistance to pests and diseases. We can store and preserve them easily as they tend to bulb early and produce thick roots. Bunching onions are delicious, making them an important vegetable in any garden.
Daylilies are versatile perennial vegetables that can handle various a variety of climates and soil conditions. We can plant them as early as spring though we typically sow them in autumn. During all growing seasons, you can harvest Daylilies for their beauty or their medicinal properties.
They produce flowers throughout the year, which we can harvest for both aesthetic and medicinal purposes. Many daylilies are double or triple-blooming, producing multiple flowers at once. This makes them ideal as border or foundation planting for garden beds and perennial borders.
Daylilies are easy to care for and tolerant of many soils and conditions. Whether growing as an herb in the garden or as a perennial in the perennial garden, Daylilies are sure to provide years of enjoyment and bounty from season to season.
3. Good King Henry
Good King Henry is a perennial vegetable familiar with its succulent, sweet taste. This vegetable grows quickly, producing fruit in large quantities each season. We can plant it in various climates and makes a versatile choice for gardeners who want to grow several types of vegetable plants in their garden.
We can eat the fruit fresh or use it in recipes such as pies and cobblers. It is a tolerant fruit of pests and easy to grow, making it an excellent choice as a perennial vegetable in any garden. Consider growing Good King Henry in your garden if you want a vegetable that can provide year-round nourishment and flavor.
Groundnut is a perennial vegetable to plant in various climates and soil types. It is easy to grow, producing a large yield of nutritious vegetables. We can harvest the vegetable fresh or frozen and use them in salads, soups, or stews. It is an ideal choice for gardeners who want to produce vegetables year-round.
Groundnut is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making it a good addition to any diet. Whether grown as a vegetable or as an ornamental flower, groundnut is sure to add flavor and nutrients to your garden.
In addition to its culinary and ornamental value, groundnut can help reduce the risk of certain cancers and cardiovascular diseases by providing protein and fiber. So whether you’re planting it as part of your spring vegetable planting or your year-round garden plan, groundnut is worth growing.
5. Jerusalem Artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial vegetable to plant in most climates. It is a sunflower family member and features tubers rather than flowers. Jerusalem artichoke is high in fiber and has many health benefits, including reducing cholesterol levels.
We can eat it fresh or frozen and works well as a vegetable in salads, soups, and other savory dishes. This vegetable has a unique flavor and can add variety to any meal. It is an excellent choice for anyone looking for a healthy, nutrient-dense alternative to traditional vegetables.
6. Ostrich Fern
Ostrich fern is a perennial vegetable that can be grown in most climates. It grows quickly and produces glossy green leaves packed with nutrients. Ostrich fern can be used in various dishes, including salads and stir-fries. Harvesting the plant is easy – just cut back the fronds to the ground every few weeks to keep them growing strong.
This perennial vegetable has a tasty, mild flavor and is low- maintenance and easy to grow. So whether you’re growing it for its delicious leaves or as a perennial vegetable garden staple, Ostrich Fern is sure to add plenty of flavor to your diet.
7. Ramps Or Wild Leeks
Ramps or wild leeks are perennial vegetables you can harvest yearly. These plants grow as a variety of edible leaves, including young ramps and spring-time asparagus. Ramps or wild leeks are typically grown as crops in gardens as they can be harvested early and eaten as greens or cooked into dishes like leek soup.
They are also perfect candidates for a perennial vegetable garden if you want an easy-to-manage crop. Ramps or wild leeks can be grown from seeds sown directly in the garden or from perennial vegetable planting plugs. By growing ramps or wild leeks as a perennial vegetable, you will have access to this tasty and nutritious vegetable for years to come.
8. Scarlet Runner Beans
Scarlet runner beans are a type of bean that is known for its long harvest period. This makes it an attractive choice for gardeners who want fresh produce all year round. Scarlet runner beans can be planted indoors or outdoors, making them perfect for growing in either climate.
They can take from spring through autumn as long as temperatures remain above 50 degrees Fahrenheit. These beans are also high in protein and fiber, making them a healthy choice for snacks or as part of a meal. Whether grown inside or out, scarlet runner beans are sure to provide year-round enjoyment from the dinner table.
9. Sea Kale
Sea kale is a perennial vegetable that can be grown annually or as a perennial. It is part of the cabbage family and can be grown as a seed crop or annual vegetable crop. Sea kale can be used fresh in salads or cooked as it has a slightly sweet flavor. It can be planted in any moist medium, such as soil, potting mix, or rock wool.
Sea kale will grow for several years and can be harvested once it reaches maturity. It is a good choice for growing in areas with short growing seasons. Sea kale is a nutritious vegetable that You can incorporate into various meals and recipes.
Sorrel is a perennial vegetable with a unique flavor and versatile uses. It can be eaten raw or cooked and is often used in salads or as a substitute for other vegetables in recipes. Sorrel can be harvested year-round, making it an ideal choice for gardeners who want to enjoy its delicious leaves year-round.
Besides, sorrel is a good source of vitamin C and has a sweet taste. It is commonly used as a vegetable in Mediterranean cuisines and as a garnish in many dishes. In addition to sorrel, there are many other perennial vegetables that you can plant in your garden to enjoy year-round.
11. Asparagus (Asparagus Officinalis)
Asparagus is a perennial vegetable that easily grows and we can harvest it year-round. It is hardy and capable of withstanding cold winters so You can plant it in most climates. Asparagus plants produce spears, which we can eat raw or cooked, and are high in nutrients and vitamins. Young asparagus spears are best as they are tender and have less fiber.
To ensure you get the most out of asparagus, harvest it as early as possible before the spears become tough. This vegetable is good for many meals, including as a healthy side dish, or can be used as an ingredient in many recipes. Whether growing asparagus from seed or buying it from the store, take good care of your plant to ensure a successful harvest season every year.
Pros And Cons Of Growing Perennials
There are several perennials that you can plant once and enjoy for years to come. Some of the most popular perennial vegetables and fruit include tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers, beans, peas, potatoes (sweet or white), herbs (such as basil or oregano), and grapefruit.
To choose the right plants for your garden, take into account your climate zone and soil type. Many of these plants will do well in both dry and wet climates. Make sure to read up on each plant before selecting it so that you know how to care for it properly.
Once you have selected your plants, make sure to space them out correctly so that they have room to grow! Perennials need at least six inches between them per leaf blade so that they can get enough sunlight and water. Water them regularly but don’t overdo it – overwatering can cause root rot. Once spring arrives (and the weather starts warming up!), start fertilizing your gardens with organic matter such as compost or manure if necessary. And finally, enjoy
- Perennials are unique crops as they typically have a longer life span than annual plants.
- Perennials require less maintenance as they don’t need to be fed or watered as frequently as annuals.
- Perennials typically produce more flowers, fruits, and vegetables per plant as compared to annuals.
- They also have a wider variety of colors and shapes as compared to annuals.
- The reason why perennial crops are advantageous is because of their ability to adapt over time to different environments and growing conditions.
- That makes them well-suited for organic gardening, too, as they require fewer fertilizers and pesticides. Overall, perennial foods are healthy, tasty, and sustainable year-round vegetable options for everyone.
Planting perennials once can be a great way to save both time and money. Not only do perennial vegetables & fruit require less care than annual vegetables & fruit, but they also tend to produce larger yields over the course of their lifespan. For a year-round abundance of fruits and vegetables, perennial plants are your best bet, as they can survive drought, pests, and other threats that threaten annuals.
With perennial plants, you don’t have to replant every year as their growing season is the same throughout the year. Although growing perennial veggies may take more time and effort than planting annuals, the first harvest is often well worth it as it allows you to harvest fruit or veggies year-round. Growing perennial plants in your garden not only makes harvesting easier but also ensures a steady supply of food as they can thrive in harsh climates.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are Cucumbers Perennials?
Cucumbers are not perennials. They are annual vegetables that grow and produce fruit on a one-year growth cycle. You can plant cucumbers in a wide variety of climates, but they suit best for warm climates. We can eat them fresh or preserved in pickles, chutneys, or sauces.
What Are The Most Profitable Perennial Crops?
Perennial crops that are in high demand include fruits and vegetables that we typically eat as part of a healthy diet. Some of the most profitable perennial crops include apples, oranges, grapes, potatoes, and tomatoes. Perennial crops can be profitable if you choose the right variety, plant in a sufficient amount, and consult with a professional before planting.
What Vegetables And Herbs Come Back Every Year?
Perennial vegetables and fruits that come back every year are:
Which Perennial Vegetables Should You Grow?
Perennial vegetables are often recommended to gardeners as they typically have a longer shelf life, are less likely to go bad during storage, and have reduced maintenance costs. A few perennial vegetable choices that are often recommended include beets, beans, carrots, garlic, kale, peas, and strawberries.
Which Perennial Vegetables & Fruit Can You Plant Twice?
Perennial vegetables & fruit that you can plant twice include: beans, beets, carrots, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, garlic, grapes, honeydews, kale, leeks, lettuces, limes, mangoes, onions, peas, peppers, potatoes, pumpkins, quinces, radishes, raspberries, rosemary, spinach, strawberries, tomatoes.
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