The Ultimate Guide To Composted

Composting is the process of breaking down organic matter into nutrient-rich soil that can be used to nourish plants. It’s an easy and effective way to reduce waste and provide a source of healthy soil for gardens and landscaping.

Composting can be done at home with simple tools and techniques. By composted, you can divert organic waste from landfills, where it can produce harmful greenhouse gases. Instead, you can turn it into a valuable resource that benefits your garden and the environment.

Composting is a feasible and sustainable practice that can be done in any size of space, from a small balcony to a large backyard. With a little effort and patience, you can turn your food scraps, yard waste, and other organic materials into rich, dark compost to help your plants thrive.


How To Composted Made Easy

How To Composted Made Easy

Composting is a process where organic materials like food scraps and yard waste are broken down into nutrient-rich soil. The resulting compost can be a natural fertilizer for plants and gardens.  Composting can create a sustainable cycle of using organic materials to benefit our environment. It is an easy and important step towards a more eco-friendly lifestyle. Here are some tips on how to composted.

Choose The Right Composting Method For You

Choose The Right Composting Method For You

Composting is a natural process that turns organic waste into nutrient-rich soil. There are different composting methods, such as hot, cold, vermicomposting, and bokashi. Each method has advantages and disadvantages, depending on your space, time, and preferences.

You should choose the method that suits your needs and goals. For example, if you want to compost quickly and kill weed seeds and pathogens, you might opt for hot composting. If you have limited space and want to compost indoors, try vermicomposting or bokashi.

Select A Suitable Location For Your Compost Pile

Select A Suitable Location For Your Compost Pile

The location of your compost pile is important for its success. You should choose a spot that is convenient, accessible, and well-drained. You should also consider sun exposure, wind, and neighbours. Ideally, you want a sunny or partially shaded location, protected from strong winds and away from sources of pests and odours. You should also avoid placing your compost pile near trees or plants that might compete for nutrients or water.

Gather Your Composting Materials

Gather Your Composting Materials

The materials you use for composting are the key to creating a balanced and healthy compost pile. You need a mix of carbon-rich materials (browns) and nitrogen-rich materials (greens). Browns include dry leaves, straws, paper, cardboard, and wood chips.

Greens include fresh grass clippings, kitchen scraps, coffee grounds, tea bags, and manure. You should aim for a ratio of 25 to 30 parts browns to 1 part greens by volume. You should also have a water source and a compost bin or container.

Start Your Compost Pile With A Layer Of Browns

Start Your Compost Pile With A Layer Of Browns

To start your compost pile, you must create a base layer of browns. This layer should be about 6 inches thick and cover the entire surface of your compost bin or container. The browns will provide structure, air circulation, and carbon to your compost pile. They will also help absorb excess moisture and prevent odours. You can use any brown materials, such as dry leaves, straw, or shredded paper.

Add Greens To Your Compost Pile

Add Greens To Your Compost Pile

You can add a layer of greens after creating your base layer of browns. This layer should be about 2 to 4 inches thick and cover the browns evenly. The greens will provide nitrogen, moisture, and microorganisms to your compost pile. They will also heat the pile and speed up the decomposition process. You can use any available green materials, such as grass clippings, kitchen scraps, or manure.

Water Your Compost Pile To Keep It Moist

Moisture is essential for composting, as it helps the microorganisms break down the organic matter. You should water your compost pile regularly to keep it moist but not soggy. A good way to test the moisture level is to squeeze a handful of compost in your hand. It should feel like a wrung-out sponge, not dripping wet or dry. If it is too wet, you can add more browns or turn the pile to aerate it. If it is too dry, you can add more water or greens.

Turn Your Compost Pile To Speed Up The Process

Turn Your Compost Pile To Speed Up The Process

Turning your compost pile is an optional but beneficial step that can improve the quality and quantity of your compost. Turning your pile means mixing the materials with a fork or shovel to redistribute them and introduce more oxygen. This will help the microorganisms work faster and more efficiently. It will also prevent the pile from becoming compacted, anaerobic, or smelly. You should turn your pile every few days or weeks, depending on how fast you want your compost to be ready.

Monitor Your Compost Pile’s Temperature And Moisture Levels

Monitoring your compost pile’s temperature and moisture levels is another optional but helpful step that can help you optimize your composting process. Temperature and moisture indicate how well your pile decomposes and what adjustments you need to make. You can use a thermometer or your hand to measure the temperature of your pile. It should be warm or hot to the touch, between 90°F and 140°F. If it is too cold, add more greens or water or turn the pile to heat it. If it is too hot, add more browns or turn the pile to cool it down.

Harvest Your Compost When It’s Ready

Your compost is ready when it looks dark brown, crumbly, and earthy-smelling. It should not have any recognizable materials or unpleasant odours. Depending on your method and materials, this can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months.

To harvest your compost, you can sift it through a screen or mesh to separate the finished compost from the unfinished materials. You can use your compost to enrich your garden soil, improve your lawn, or make potting mix. You can also store your compost in a sealed container or bag for later use.


Composting can be made easy with the right approach. Whether you have a small backyard or a balcony garden, composting can help reduce waste and provide nutrient-rich soil for your plants. You can create a compost pile that will break down naturally over time by utilizing organic materials such as food scraps, yard waste, and paper products.

Composting benefits your garden and the environment by reducing the amount of waste sent to landfills and decreasing the need for chemical fertilizers. With a little effort and patience, you can turn your kitchen and yard waste into a valuable resource for your garden. Composted soil will improve your plants’ quality and contribute to a healthier ecosystem overall. So, start composting today and join the movement towards a more sustainable future.


1.What Can I Compost?

Ans: You can compost fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, tea leaves, yard trimmings, shredded paper, and cardboard. Avoid meat, dairy, oily products, and weeds with mature seeds. A good rule of thumb is if it was once alive, it could likely be composted.

2.Can I Compost In An Apartment?

Ans: Yes, you can compost in an apartment. Consider indoor worm composting with a small vermicomposting bin or use a compact compost tumbler specifically designed for small spaces. These options allow for odour-free composting and are perfect for apartment dwellers.

3.How long does composting take?

Ans: The time for composting to complete varies depending on factors like materials used, composting method, and environmental conditions. Generally, it takes three to six months to a year for compost to fully mature and be ready for use in your garden.

4.Will Composting Attract Pests Or Smell Bad?

Ans: When done correctly, composting should not attract pests or produce foul odours. Avoid adding meat, dairy, or oily products that can attract pests. Proper aeration, moisture control, and regularly turning the pile will help prevent unpleasant smells or pest issues.

5.An I Compost In The Winter?

Ans: Yes, composting can continue in winter with adjustments. Insulate the compost pile with straw or leaves to retain heat. Avoid excessive moisture, as it may freeze. Though decomposition slows in colder temperatures, composting can still occur throughout winter.

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